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2008-10-04 来源:Reader8.cn 
 一、国际货物买卖适用的法律与惯例   incoterms 2002,international rules for the interp ...
 一、国际货物买卖适用的法律与惯例

  incoterms 2002,international rules for the interpretation of trade terms《2000年国际贸易术语解释通则》

  urc 522,uniform rules for collection《托收统一规则522》

  ucp 500,uniform customs and practice for commercial documentary credits 500《跟单信用证统一惯例》

  warsaw-oxford rules 1932《1932年华沙一牛津规则》

  revised american foreign trade definitions 1941《1941年美国对外贸易定义修订本》

  二、价格术语

  exw(ex works)工厂交货

  fca(free carrier)货交承运人

  fas(free alongside ship)装运港船边交货

  fob(free on board)装运港船上交货

  cfr(cost and freight)成本加运费

  cif(cost,insurance and freight)成本加保险费、运费

  cpt(carriage paid to)运费付至

  cip(carriage and insurance to)运费、保险费付至

  daf(delivered at frontier)边境交货

  des(delivered ex ship)目的港船上交货

  deq(delivered ex quay)目的港码头交货

  ddu(delivered duty unpaid)未完税交货

  ddp(delivered duty paid)完税后交货

  fob liner terms fob班轮条件

  fob under tackle fob吊钩下交货

  fob stowed fob理舱费在内

  fob trimmed fob平舱费在内

  fobst(fob stowed and trimmed) fob包括理舱费和平舱费在内的各项装船费用

  cfr liner terms cfr班轮条件

  cfr landed cfr卸至码头

  cfr ex tackle cfr吊钩下交货

  cfr ex ship’s hold cfr舱底交货

  cif liner terms cif班轮条件

  cif landed cif卸至码头

  cif ex tackle cif吊钩下交货

  cif ex ship’s hold cif舱底交货

  the seller’s obligations卖方义务

  三、货物的品名、质量、数量与包装

  name of commodity 品名

  quality 0f goods品质

  condition合同要件

  actual quality实际品质

  sample样品

  sale by sample凭样品买卖

  quality as per seller’s sample品质以卖方样品为准

  buyer’s sample买方样品

  counter sample对等样品

  confirming sample确认样品

  for reference only仅供参考

  colour sample色样

  pattern sample款式样

  quality shall be about equal to the sample 品质与样品大致相同

  quality shall be nearly same as the sample品质与样品近似

  specification of goods商品规格

  sale by specification凭规格买卖

  faq,fair average quality 良好平均品质

  sale by descriptions and illustrations凭说明书和图样买卖

  trade mark商标

  sophisticated market精致市场

  name of origin产地名称

  quality tolerance 品质公差

  weigh重量

  metric ton公吨

  long ton长吨

  short ton短吨

  kilogram公斤

  gram克

  ounce盎司

  number数量

  piece件

  pair双

  set套

  dozen打

  roll卷

  ream令

  gross罗

  bag袋

  bale包

  length长度

  meter米

  foot英尺

  yard码

  area面积

  square foot平方英尺

  volume体积

  cubic yard立方码

  capacity容积

  bushel蒲式耳

  litre升

  gallon加仑

  the metric system公制

  the british system英制

  the u.s.system美制

  si,the international system of units国际单位制

  gross weight毛重

  net weight净重

  gross for net以毛作净

  actual tare实际皮重

  real tare实际皮重

  average tare平均皮重

  customary tare 习惯皮重

  computed tare 约定皮重

  conditioned weight公量

  theoretical weight理论重量

  legal weight法定重量

  net net weight实物净重

  about大约

  circa近似

  approximate左右

  nude pack裸装

  in bulk散装

  full packed全部包装

  part packed局部包装

  shipping mark运输标志,唛头

  indicative mark指示性标志

  warning mark警告性标志

  ucc,universal code council统一编码委员会

  upc,universal product code统一产品编码

  european article number association欧洲物品编码协会

  ean,european article number欧洲物品编码

  neutral pacing中性包装

  seaworthy packing海运包装

  inquiry询盘

  offer发盘

  counter offer还盘

  acceptance接受

 五、货物的保险

  general average共同海损

  particular average单独海损

  cic,china insurance clauses中国保险条款

  fpa,free from particular average平安险

  wa,with average水渍险

  wpa,with particular average水渍险

  all risks一切险

  warehouse to warehouse clauses仓至仓条款

  icc,institute cargo clauses协会货物保险条款

  icc(a)协会货物条款(a)

  icc(b)协会货物条款(b)

  icc(c)协会货物条款(c)

  institute war clauses协会战争险条款

  institute strikes clauses协会罢工险条款

  malicious damage clauses恶意损害险条款

  overland transportation risks陆运险

  overland transportation all risks陆运一切险

  air transportation risks航空运输险

  air transportation all risks航空运输一切险

  parcel post risks邮包险

  parcel post all risks邮包一切险

  insurance policy保险单

  insured被保险人

  premium保险费

  六、货物的价格

  of account计价货币

  money of payment支付货币

  commission佣金

  discount折扣

  allowance 折扣

  quantity discount数量折扣

  special discount特别折扣

  turnover bonus年终回扣

 七、货款的收付

  bill of exchange汇票

  draft汇票

  promissory note本票

  cheque 支票

  check支票

  drawee受票人

  payer付款人

  payee受款人

  banker’s draft银行汇票

  commercial draft商业汇票

  clean bill光票

  documentary bill跟单汇票

  sight draft即期汇票

  time draft远期汇票

  usance draft远期汇票

  at×× days after sight见票后××天付款

  at××days after date出票后××天付款

  at ×× days after date of b/l提单签发日后××天付款

  fixed date指定日付款

  issue出票

  pay to the order of付给指定人

  pay to bearer付给持票人

  presentation提示

  acceptance承兑

  endorsement 背书

  negotiable instrument流通工具

  endorsee被背书人

  dishonour拒付

  dishonour by non-acceptance拒绝承兑

  protest拒付证书

  right of recourse追索权

  notary public法定公证人

  remittance汇付

  collection托收

  beneficiary收款人

  remitter汇款人

  remitting bank汇出行,托收银行

  collecting bank代收银行

  presenting bank提示银行

  transmissible credit可转移信用证

  revolving credit循环信用证

  reciprocal credit对开信用证

  back to back credit对背信用证

  anticipatory l/c预支信用证

  standby l/c备用信用证

  commercial paper l/c商业票据信用证

  guarantee l/c担保信用证

  l/g,letter of guarantee保函

  demand guarantee见索即付保函

  unconditional l/g无条件保函

  guarantor担保人

  counter guarantor反担保人

  performance guarantee履约保函

  repayment guarantee还款保函

  八、商检

  commodity inspection商检

  shipping quality and wei曲t装运港检验,即离岸品质和离岸重量

  landed quality and wei曲t 目的港检验,即到岸品质和到岸重量

  shipping weight and landed quality离岸重量和到岸品质检验

  authentic surveyor公证行

  sworn measurer宣誓衡量人

  fda美国食品药物管理局

  underwriter’s laboratory担保人实验室

  lloyd’s surveyor劳氏公证行

  sgs.societe generale de surveillance s.a. 瑞士日内瓦通用鉴定公司

  inspection certificate商检证书

  inspection certificate of quality品质检验证书

  inspection certificate of quantity数量检验证书

  inspection certificate of weight重量检验证书

  inspection certificate of value价值检验证书

  inspection certificate of origin产地检验证书

  sanitary inspection certificate卫生检验证书

  veterinary inspection certificate兽医检验证书

  disinfection inspection certificate消毒检验证书

  inspection certificate on damaged cargo验残检验证书

  iso.the iwww.100ksw.comntemational organization for standardazation国际标准化组织

 九、索赔

  discrepancy and claim clause异议与索赔条款

  penalty clause罚金条款

  force majeure不可抗力

  frustration of contract合同落空

  arbitration仲裁

  convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral award《承认与执行外国

  仲裁裁决公约》,简称《1958年纽约公约》

  cargo manifest载货清单 .

  international factoring国际保理

  factor保理商] ?Af M/C5LU^ #\ ( 3COME考试频道 资格考试外销员考试 )] ?Af M/C5LU^ #\hTTp://wWw.reader8.cn/exam/

  convention on international factoring国际保理公约

  import factor进口保理商

  c.c.v.o.,combined certificate of value and origin估价和原产地联合证明书

  certified invoice证实发票

  receipt invoice(货款)收妥发票

  consular invoice领事发票

  gsp,generalized system of preferences普惠制

  packing list装箱单

  weight memo重量单

  short delivery短交

  short unloaded短卸

  10st in transit短失

  tally list理货单

  marine protest海难报告

  breach of contract违约

 十、贸易方式

  distribution经销

  distributor经销商

  sole distribution独家经销

  exclusive smes包销

  agency代理

  agent代理人

  principal本人

  general agent总代理

  sole agent独家代理

  exclusive agent独家代理

  commission agent佣金代理

  consignment寄售

  consignor寄售人

  consignee代销人

  fairs and sales展卖

  international fair国际博览会

  chinese export commodities fair 中国出口商品交易会

  guangzhou trade fair广州交易会

  invitation to tender招标

  submission of tender投标

  auction拍卖

  auctioneer拍卖人

  bidder竞买人

  dutch auction荷兰式拍卖

  sealed bids密封递价拍卖

  closed bids密封递价拍卖

  brokerage经纪费

  futures trading期货交易

  cbot芝加哥商品交易所

  cme芝加哥商业交易所

  comex纽约商品交易所

  nymex纽约商业交易所

  lme伦敦金属交易所

  futures market期货市场

  futures exchanges期货交易所

  spot现货

  to-arrive contract “到货”合同

  forward contract远期交货合同

  fcm,futures commission merchant期货佣金商

  clearing house 清算所

  margin system保证金制度,押金制度

  initial margin初始保证金

  original margin初始保证金

  variation margin追加保证金

  call margin追加保证金

  marking to the market逐日盯市

  hedger套期保值者

  hedging套期保值,海琴

  speculator投机者

  selling hedge卖期保值

  buying hedge买期保值

  basis trading基差交易

  ex-pit trade场外交易

  ex-change for physicals期货换现货

  ex-change for actuals期货换现货

  counter trade对销贸易

  barter trade易货贸易

  compensation trade补偿贸易

  counter purchase反购,互购

  switch trade转手贸易

  offset抵销

  十一、电子商务

  it,information technology信息技术

  internet国际互联网

  vans,value-added networks增值网络

  bbss,bulletin board systems电子公告牌

  online services企业在线服务

  b2b,business-to-business商业机构对商业机构

  b2c,business-to-consumer商业机构对消费者

  b2a,business-to-administrations商业机构对行政机构

  c2a,consumer-to-administrations消费者对行政机构

  electronic marketplace电子虚拟市场

  digital economy数字化经济

  model law on electronic commerce电子商务示范法

  tlle buyer’s obligations买方义务


(作者:3COME文档频道 编辑:kind887)
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