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项目管理英语(2)(3)

2009-05-03 来源:3COME考试频道 
启动过程组(中英对照)

The Initiating Process Group includes the following project managementprocesses:
  启动过程组包括如下项目管理过程:
  1 Develop Project Charter
  1 制定项目章程
  This process is primarily concerned with authorizing the project or,in a multi-phase project,a project phase.It is the process necessary for documenting the business needs and the new product,service,or other result that is intended to satisfy those requirements.This chartering links the project to the ongoing work of the organization and authorizes the project.Projects are chartered and authorized external to the project by the organization,a program or portfolio management body.In multi-phase projects,this process is used to validate or refine the decisions made during the previous Develop Project Charter process.
  这一过程的基本内容是核准项目或多阶段项目的阶段。它是记载经营需要,预定要满足这些要求的新产品、服务或其他成果的必要过程。颁发这一章程将项目与组织的日常业务联系起来并使该项目获得批准。项目章程是由在项目团队之外的组织、计划或综合行动管理机构颁发并授权核准的。在多阶段项目中,这一过程的用途是确认或细化在以前制定项目章程过程中所做的各个决定。 



  Table 3-1.Develop Project Charter:Inputs and Outputs
  表3-1 制定项目章程:依据与成果

  2 Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement
  2 制定项目初步范围说明书
  This is the process necessary for producing a preliminary high-level definition of the project using the Project Charter with other inputs to the initiating processes.This process addresses and documents the project and deliverable requirements,product requirements,boundaries of the project,methods of acceptance,and high-level scope control.In multi-phase projects,this process validates or refines the project scope for each phase.
  这是利用项目章程与启动过程组其他依据,为项目提出初步粗略高层定义的必要过程。这一过程处理和记载对项目与可交付成果提出的要求、产品要求、项目的边界、验收方法,以及高层范围控制。在多阶段项目中,这一过程确认或细化每一阶段的项目范围。 



  Table 3-2.Develop Preliminary Project Scope:Inputs and Outputs
  表3-2 制定项目初步范围说明书:依据与成果

 

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(作者:考试大 编辑:kind887)
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