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葡萄牙语语法介绍

2010-07-23 来源:读书人 
Verbs are divided into three conjugations, which can be identified by looking at the infinitive ending, one of -ar, -er, -ir (and -or, irregular verbs). Most verbs ends with -ar

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  葡萄牙语语法 — Personal pronouns — Verbs conjugation

  Verbs are divided into three conjugations, which can be identified by looking at the infinitive ending, one of "-ar", "-er", "-ir" (and "-or", irregular verbs). Most verbs ends with "-ar", such as cantar (to sing). All verbs with the same ending follow the same patern.

  In Portuguese, verbs are divided into moods:

  Imperative. Used to express a wish, command or advice

  Indicative. Used to express a fact

  Subjective. Used to express a wish or a possibility

  所有葡萄牙语都有性别词:masculine or inclusive and feminine or exclusive. Most adjectives and pronouns, and all articles indicate the gender of the noun they reference. The feminine gender in adjectives is formed in a different way to that in nouns. Most adjectives ending in a consonant remain unchanged: homem superior (superior man), mulher superior (superior woman). This is also true for adjectives ending in "e": homem forte(strong man), mulher forte(strong woman). Except for this, the noun and the adjective must always be in agreement.


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