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专家解读如何确定雅思阅读中的考点

2010-08-04 来源:读书人 
文章中会谈论到事实信息为Sediment in the irrigation canals on the Nile delta 以及 flooding,而需要判断的逻辑信息为 causes, 要求判断的是“前者是否导致了后者”。

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雅思阅读考试要点三

  单点测试

  雅思考试是“单点测试”:一道题目一般只考察一个点,这就是题目的考点。而其余信息一般都是文中所讨论到得事实,不作为考点。因此,高效正确的确定考点,对于提高雅思阅读的速度和解题准确度,是一个关键点。

  事实信息和逻辑信息来源:考试大的美女编辑们

  雅思阅读题目中,大部分信息为“事实信息”,是不需要确认其正确性的;而关键的信息是“逻辑信息”,为题目的考点所在。

  笔者将聊举数例,以供读者体会:

  例1:C3T1P2Q21 (剑3 Test 1 Passage 2 Question 21,以下均用同义符号体系)

  YES if the statement reflects the claims of the writer

  NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

  NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

  Q21. Opponents of smoking financed the UCSF study.

  本题之事实信息为opponents of smoking以及the UCSF study,而逻辑信息为 financed,即文章会谈到opponents of smoking 和the UCSF study这两个细节,而要求判断的是“前者是否资助(financed)了后者”。

  本题的原文如下:“A more recent study by researchers at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) has shown that second-hand cigarette smoke does more harm to non-smokers than to smokers. ” 和 “The American Medical Association represents about half of all US doctors and is a strong opponent of smoking.”

  上述原文谈论到了事实信息,即opponents of smoking, (The American Medical Association represents about half of all US doctors and is a strong opponent of smoking)和the UCSF study (A more recent study by researchers at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) has shown that second-hand cigarette smoke does more harm to non-smokers than to smokers.)

  而题目的考点,是要求考察逻辑信息financed,在原文中没有提到,所以本题答案为NOT GIVEN.

  例2:C5T2P2Q17

  TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

  FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

  NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

  Q17. Current thinking on humour has largely ignored Aristotle's view on the subject.

  文章中会谈论到事实信息为Current thinking on humour 以及Aristotle's view on the subject,而需要判断的逻辑信息为 has largely ignored, 要求判断的是“前者是否很大程度上忽略了后者”。

  文章中谈到“ most modern humour theorists have settled on some Aristotle's belief that ……”文章中,亚里士多德具体的看法是非常难理解(谁让人家是亚里士多 多德呢:),但是我们只要知道题目中的考点,是问人们是不是忽略了他的想法。

  题目中的ignore是指“忽略”,而文章中的意思为“大多数人在亚里士多德的想法上达到一致(have settled on)”,题目的考点和原文相反,因此答案选择FALSE!

  例3:C5T3P2Q22

  TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

  FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

  NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

  Q22. Sediment in the irrigation canals on the Nile delta causes flooding.

  文章中会谈论到事实信息为Sediment in the irrigation canals on the Nile delta 以及 flooding,而需要判断的逻辑信息为 causes, 要求判断的是“前者是否导致了后者”。

  原文中谈到Once north of Cairo, most of the Nile water is perted into more than 10,000 kilometres of irrigation canals and only a small proportion reaches the sea directly through the rivers in the delta. The water in the irrigation canals is still or very slow-moving and thus cannot carry sediment, Stanley explains. The sediment sinks to the bottom of the canals and then is added to fields by farmers or pumped with the water into the four large freshwater lagoons that are located near the outer edges of the delta: So very little of it actually reaches the coastline to replace what is being washed away by the Mediterranean currents

  所以原文提到了到sediment 和irrigation canals,考点逻辑信息causes the flooding 没有提到,所以答案选择NOT GIVEN!

  从上述例子中看出,能够迅速确定考点,对于阅读考试的突破和提高至关重要!希望通过这篇文章的讨论,能够帮助读者们迅速掌握雅思阅读的窍门,开启一个崭新的阅读思维世界,并取得雅思阅读考试的成功。


(作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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