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考研英语必备语法基础第三章被动语态(2)

2010-12-02 来源:读书人 
被动语态表示主语是谓语动词的动作承受着,两者之间是被动语态,因为在被动语态中,主语相当于谓语动词的逻辑宾语,所以只有及物动词可以用被动语态,而不及物动词没有被动语态。

  3.2.8 将来完成时的被动语态

  基本模式为will have been+动词的-ed形式

  [例句]

  Hurry up, or the tickets will have been sold out by the time we get there.

  快点,否则等我们到哪儿票就卖完了。

  By the end of next year, many more high-rises will have been built around there.

  到明年底为止,早这里会建立起更多的高楼。

  3.2.9 过去将来时的被动与台

  基本模式为would be +动词的-ed形式

  [例句]

  They were told that the result would be announced the next week.

  他们被告知说,结果将在下周公布。

  The teacher said that we would be given another chance sometimes next month if we failed in the exam.

  老师说如果我们考试不及格,下个月的什么时候可以再给我们一次机会。

  3.3 各种形式的被动语态

  3.3.1“动词+介词”短语的被动语态

  [例句]

  Some adult novels have been adapted for young readers.

  有些成人小说经过改编给年轻人阅读。

  She wants to know whether the measures have been agrees upon.

  她希望知道这些措施是否已经得到一致同意。

  3.3.2“动词+副词”短语的被动语态

  [例句]

  The accident was brought by the driver’s carelessness.

  这次车祸是由于司机的疏忽大意造成的。

  A great number of power station have been set up.

  已经建立了许多小型的发电站。

  3.3.3带有宾语补足语的被动语态

  [例句]

  I was caught in the rain yesterday.

  昨天我赶上雨了。

  In sone markets there may be only one seller. Such a situation is called a monopoly.

  在许多市场,可能只有一个销售者,这种情况被称为垄断。

  3.3.4 不定式之中的被动语态

  在需要使用不定式的地方,同时表示被动关系,基本模式为to be +动词的-ed形式。

  [例句]

  He wants his film to be properly processed.

  他希望他的胶片冲洗得当。

  A number of existing houses have to be destroyed.

  一些现有的房屋将不得不被拆除。

  3.3.5 动名词之中的被动语态

  在需要使用动名词的地方,同时表示被动关系,基本模式是being+动词的-ed形式。

  [例句]

  I can listen to Bruckner for hours without getting bored.

  我可以连续几小时听布鲁克纳的音乐都不会感到乏味。

  Their demand for a pay raise has not the slightest prospect of being met.

  他们要求加薪的要求连一点被满足的希望都没有。

  3.3.6情态动词之后的被动语态

  基本模式为情态动词+be+动词的-ed形式

  [例句]

  The parcel you post must be well packed.

  你有机的包裹必须妥善保存。

  Expertise can be share worldwide through teleconferencing.

  通过电话会议可以分享专业知识。

  3.3.7 sth.(sb.) is done to 句型

  [例句]

  REM sleep is assumed to serve some restrorative.

  REM睡眠被认为具有大脑的某种恢复功能。

  Our foreign trade is expected to have a rapid development in the next decade.

  我国的对外贸易预计在今后的十年内将会迅速发展。


(作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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