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2011年高考英语天津卷真题答案及解析

2011-12-26 来源:读书人 

  2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)

  英语 笔试

  本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共130分,考试时间100分钟,第Ⅰ卷1页至10页,第Ⅱ卷11页至12页。

  答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码,答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上无效,考试结束后,将本是卷和答题卡一并交回。

  祝各位考生考试顺利!

  第Ⅰ卷

  注意事项:

  1.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。

  2.本卷共55小题,共95分

  第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  例:Stand over there you will be able to see it better.

  A. or B. and C. but D. while

  答案是B.

  1. We feel our duty to make our country a better place.

  A. it B. this C. that D. one

  2.----Just a moment . I haven’t finished packing my suitcase.

  ---- .Its high time we left for the airport.

  A. Go ahead B. Take it easy C.Hurry up D. That's fine

  3.In the last few years thousands of films allover the word.

  A.have produced B. have been produced

  C. are producing D. are being produced

  4.On the next birthday.Ann married for twenty years.

  A.is B.has been C.will be D.will have been

  5. regular exercise is very important.It’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedmme.

  A.It B. As C.Although D.Unless

  6.I a bank account after I made﹩1 000 by doing a part-time job during the summer vacation.

  A.borrowed B.opened C.entered D.ordered

  7.Passeagers are permitted only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane.

  A.to carry B. carrying C. to be carried D. being carried

  8.She an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping att the department store.

  A.turned down B.dealt with C.took after D.came across

  9. The young man couldn’t afford a new car _______, he bought a used one.

  A. Besides B. Otherwise C. Instead D. Still

  10. The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living.

  A. when B. that C. where D. which

  11. He was a good student and scored _________ average in most subjects.

  A. below B. of C. on D. above

  12.______ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

  A. Translating B. Translated

  C. To translate D. Having translated

  13. Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases.

  A. what B. which C. that D. where

  14.---I need to advertise for a roommate for next term.

  ---________? Mary is interested.

  A. Why bother B. Why not C. So what D. What for

  15. I ______ sooner but I didn’t know that they were waiting for me.

  A. had come B. was coming C. would come D. would have come

  第二节:完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后次哦能够16~35各题所给出的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

  A Love Note To My Mom

  When I was a little girl, would often accompany you as you modeled for fashion photographers. It was years later that finally understood what role modeling 16 in your life. Little did I known you were 17 every penny you earned to go to 18 school.

  I cannot thank you enough for 19 you told me one autumn afternoon when I was nine. After finishing my homework. I wanted into the dining where you were buried 20 piles of law books. I was 21 .Why were you doing what I do—memorizing textbooks and studying for 22 ?When you said you were in law school, I was more puzzled. I didn’t known. Moms 23 be lawyers too. You smiled and said,“In life, you can do anything you want to do.”

  As young as I was ,that statement kept 24 in my ears. I watched as you faced the 25 of completing your studies, staring companies with Dad, while still being a 26 and a Mom if five kids. I was exhausted just watching you 27 .With your words of wisdom in my 28 mind, I suddenly felt unlimited freedom to dream. My whole world 29 .I set out to live my life filled with 30 ,seeing endless possibilities for personal and professional achievements.

  Your words became my motto. I 31 found myself in the unique position of being either the first (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary) 32 one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I’ll try that.”

  Encouraged by your 33 , I have forged ahead (毅然前行) with my life’s journey, less afraid to make mistakes, and 34 meeting each challenge. You did it, and now I’m 35 it. Sorry, got to run. So much to do, so many dreams to live.

  16. A. found B. play C. kept D. provided

  17. A. saving B. making C. donating D. receiving

  18. A. business B. fashion C. law D. medical

  19. A. what B. that C. which D. where

  20. A. at B. to C. upon D. under

  21. A. amused B. worried C. puzzled D. disappointed

  22. A. role B. tests C. positions D. shows

  23. A. must B. ought to C. need D. could

  24. A. ringing B. blowing C. falling D. beating

  25. A. choices B. chances C. challenges D. changes

  26. A. professor B. doctor C. reporter D. model

  27. A. in danger B. in action C. in trouble D. in charge

  28. A. weak B. powerful C. youthful D. empty

  29. A. came back B. closed down C. went by D. opened up

  30. A. hope B. hardship C. harmony D. sadness

  31. A. constantly B. shortly C. hardly D. nearly

  32. A. and B. but C. or D. for

  33. A. description B. statement C. praise D. introduction

  34. A. secretly B. curiously C. carelessly D. eagerly

  35. A. doing B. considering C. correcting D. reading

  第二部分: 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Homestay provides English language students with the opportunity to speak English outside the classroom and the experience of being part of a British home.

  What to Expect

  The host will provide accommodation and meals. Rooms will be cleaned and bedcovers changed at least once a week. You will be given the house key and the host is there to offer help and advice as well as to take an interest in your physical and mental health.

  Accommodation Zones

  Homestays are located in London mainly in Zones2,3 and of the transport system. Most hosts do not live in the town centre as much of central London is commercial and not residential(居住的). Zones3 and 4often offer larger accommodation in a less crowned area. It is very convenient to travel in London by Underground.

  Meal Plans Available

  ♢ Continental Breakfast

  ♢ Breakfast and Dinner

  ♢ Breakfast, Packed Lunch and Dinner

  It’s important to note that few English families still provide a traditional cooked breakfast. Your accommodation includes Continental Breakfast which normally consists of fruit juice, cereal(谷物类食品),bread and tea or coffee. Cheese, fruit and cold meat are not normally

  part of a Continental Breakfast in England. Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by desert, fruit and coffee.

  Friends

  If you wish to invite a friend over to visit.you must first ask your host’s permission.You have no right to entertain friends in a family home as some families feel it is an invasion of their privacy.

  Self-Catering Accommodation in Private Homes

  Accommodation on a room-only basis includes shared kitchen and bathroom facilities and often a main living room.This kind of accommodation offers an independent lifestule and is more suitable for the long-stay student.However,it does not provide the same family atmosphere as an ordinary homestay and may not benefit those who need to practise English at home quite as much.

  36.The passage is probably written for

  A.host willing to receive foreign students

  B.loreigners hoping to build British culture

  C.travellers planning to vist famlies in London

  D.English learners applying to like in English homes

  37.Which of the following will the host provide?

  A. Room cleaning.

  B. Medical care.

  C. Free transport.

  D. Physical trainning.

  38.What can be inferred from Paragraph3?

  A.Zone 4 is more crowded than Zone 2.

  B.The business centre of London is in Zone.

  C.Hosts dislike travelling to the city centre.

  39.According to the passage. What does continental Breakfast include?

  A.Dessert and coffee

  B.Fruit and vegetables.

  C.bread and fruit juice

  D.Centre and cold meat.

  40.Why do some people choose self-catering accommodation?

  A.To experience a warmer famliy atmosphere.

  B.To enrich their knowledge of English\

  C.To entertain friends as they like.

  D.To enjoy much more freedom.

  B

  In the fall of 1985. I was a bright-eyed ghl heading off to Howard University, aiming at a legal career and dreaming of sitting on a Supreme Court bench somewhere. Twenty-one years later I am later I am still a bright-eyed dreamer and one with quite a different tale to tell.

  My grandma, an amazing woman, graduated from college an the age of 65. She was the first in our family to reach that goal. But one year after I started college, she developed cancer. I made the choice to withdraw from college to care for her. It meant that school and my personal dream would have to wait.

  Then I got married with another dream: building my family with a combination of adopt and biological children. In 1999, we adopted our first son. To lay eyes on him was fantastic---and very emotional. A year later came our second adopted boy. Then followed son No. 3. In 2003, I gave birth to another boy.

  You can imagine how fully occupied I became, raising four boys under the age of 81. Our home was a complete zoo---a joyous zoo. Not surprising, I never did make it back to college full-time. But I never gave up on the dream either. I had only one choice: to find a way. That meant talking as few as one class each semester.

  The hardest part was feeling guilty about the time I spent away from the boys. They often wanted me to stay home with them. There certainly were times I wanted to quit, But I knew I should set an example for them to follow through the rest of their lives.

  In 2007, I graduated from the University of North Carolina. It took me over 21 years to get my college degree!

  I am not special, just single-minded. It always struck me that when you’re looking at a big challenge from the outside it looks huge, but when you’re in the midst of it, it just seems normal. Everything you want won’t arrive in your life on one day. It’s a process. Remember;little steps add up to big dreams.

  41. When the author went to Howard University, her dream was tobe

  A. a writer

  B. a teacher

  C. a judge

  D. a doctor

  42. Why did the author quit school in her second year of college?

  A. She wanted to study by herself.

  B. She fell in love and got married.

  C. She suffered from a serious illness.

  D. She decided to look after her grandma.

  (2) What can we learn about the author from Paragraphs 4 and 5?

  A. She was buy yet happy with her family life.

  B. She ignored her guilty feeling for her sons.

  C. She wanted to remain a full-time housewife.

  D. She was too confused to make a correct choice.

  44. What dose the author mostly want to tell us in the last paragraph?

  A. Failure is the mother of success.

  B. Little by little ,one goes far.

  C. Every coin has two sides.

  D. Well begun ,half done.

  45.Which of the following can best describe the author ?

  A. Caring and determine.

  B. Honest and responsible.

  C. Ambitious and sensitive .

  D. Innocent and single-minded.

  C

  An idea that started in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyond. The concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same tome.

  In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit (追求) to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched (发起)the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book " project in 1998. Her original program used author visits,study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong kong.

  In Chicago, the mayor(市长)appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the "One Book, One Chicago" program. As a result, reading clubs and neighbourhood groups sprang up around the city. Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and character.

  The only problem arose in New York ,where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns,where a greater sense of unity(一致)can be achieved .Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point ,putting all their energy

  And passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself.

  Ultinatel was Nancy points out,the level of sucicess is not meastured by how many people read a book,but by how many people are enriched by the process.or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word.

  46.What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy?

  A.To invite authors to guide readers.

  B.To encourage people to read and share.

  C.To involve people in communnity service.

  D.To promote the friendship between cities.

  47.Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the projict?

  A.They had little interest in reading.

  B.They were too busy to read a book.

  C.They came from many different backgrounds

  D.They lacked support from the locat government

  48.According to the passage,where would the project be more easily carried out?

  A.In large communities with little sense of unity

  B.In large cities where libraries are far from home

  C.In medium-sized cities with a diverse population

  D.In large towns where agreement can be quickly reached

  49.The underlined words“shared a word”in Paragraph 5 probably mean

  A.exchanged ideas with each other

  B.discussed the meaning of a word

  C.gamed life experience

  D.used the same language

  50.According to Nacy,the degree of students of the project is judged by

  A. the careful selection of a proper book

  B. the growing popularity of the writers

  C.the number of people who benefit from reading.

  D.the number of books that each person reads.

  D

  Blind imitation (模仿)is self-destruction.To those who do not recognize their unique worth. Imitation appears attractive: to those who know their strenghth. Imitation is unacceptable.

  In the early stages of skill or character development, imitation is helpful. When I first learned to cook, I used recipes (菜谱) and turned out some tasty dishes. But soon I grew bored. Why follow someone else’s way of cooking when I could create my own? Imitating role models is like using training wheels on a child’s bicycle; they help you get going, but once you find your own balance, you fly faster and farther without relying on them.

  In daily life, imitation can hurt us if we subconsciously (下意识地) hold poor role models. If, as a child, you observed people whose lives were bad, you may have accepted their fear and pain as normal and gone on to follow what they did. If you do not make strong choices for yourself, you will get the results of the weak choices of others.

  In the field of entertainment, our culture glorifies celebrities. Those stars look great on screen. But when they step off screen, their personal lives may be disastrous. If you are going to follow someone, focus on their talent, not their bad character or unacceptable behaviors.

  Blessed is the person willing to act on their sundden desire to create somrthing unique.Think of the movies,books,teachers,and friends that have affected you most deeply.They touched you because their creations were motivated by inspiration,not desperation.The world is changed not by those who do what has been done brfore them,but by those who do what has been done inside them.Creative people have an endless resource of ideas.The problem a creator faces is not running out of material;it is what to do with the material knocking at the door of imagination.

  Syudy your role models,accept the gifts they have given,and leave behind what does not server.Then you can say,”I stand on the shoulders of my ancestors”tragedies and tory ,and know that they are cheering on.

  51.Imitation proves useful when you .

  A.know you are unique

  B.lose the bslance of life

  C.begin to learn something new

  D.get tired of routine practice

  52. To avoid the bad result of imitation, we should________.

  A. forget daily fear and pain

  B. choose the right example

  C. ask others for decisions

  D. stay away from stars

  53.Acording to the author. The world moves on because of those who are .

  A. desperate to intruence others with their knowledge

  B. ready to turn their original ideas into reality

  C. eager to discover what their ancestors did

  D. willing to accept others’ideas

  54.The trouble a creator faces is .

  A. the lack of strong motivation

  B. the absence of practical ideas

  C. how to search for more materials

  D. how to use imagination creatively

  55. What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage?

  A. To highlight the importance of creatively.

  B. To criticize the characters of role models.

  C. To compare imitation with creation.

  D. To explain the meaning of success.

  第Ⅱ卷

  注意事项:

  1.用黑色墨水的钢笔或签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。

  2.本卷共6小题,共35分。

  第三部分: 写作

  第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

  In college, Spring Break (春假)is usually associated with the beach, parties and sleepless nights, bringing about relaxation, free time and friends. Students who wish to spend their break doing something productive and rewarding, however, may choose to participate in the Alternative Break Program. It places college students in communities both at home and abroad.

  The Program allows students to take part in various projects dealing with issues such as literacy (识字), homelessness and the environment. It includes helping kids with their lessons, raising money for families in need and collecting data for environmental research.

  The hope is that, by getting themselves involved in different environments, students will have the opportunity to learn about members of communities and broaden their view. In turn, they will incorporate (融合) their experiences and lessons learned into their own communities. In a word, the Program aims to encourage students to be active citizens nd engage themselves in making a difference in society.

  In the spring of 2006, about 36,000 students in the USA participated in the Alternative Break Program.

  Samantha Giacobozzi, now director of the Program, has been on five alternative break trips herself, including trips to New Orleans, India and Dominican Republic. “I was a student who went on alternative break trips and had my life totally transformed by that experience,” she said. “Every year, we meet many students who have attended the Program. You can see changes in their life that are connected with their alternative break experiences.”

  The Program began in 1991.Today, it has become increasingly popular with college students in the United States.

  56.Who mat choose to participate in the Alternative Break Program?(No mare than 10 words)

  57 is the aim of the Program?(NO more than 15 words)

  58.What is the meaning of the underlined word "transformed" in Paragraph 5?(1 word)

  59.What is Samantha's attitude toward the Program?(No more than 10 words)

  60f you take part in the Program, which project are you interested in? And why?(No more than 25 words)

  第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

  61.

  假设你是晨光中学学生会主席李华。你校将于6月26日接待来自于美国某中学的学生访问团。你受学校委托,负责安排在津的一日活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给该团的领队Smith 先生写一封电子邮件,介绍活动计划并简要说明理由,最后征求对方意见。

  上午与我校学生座谈(话题如校园生活、文化差异等);

  中午与我校学生共同进餐(午餐包括饺子、面条等);

  下午与我校学生游览海河。

  注意:

  1. 次数不少于100;

  2. 可是当加入细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯;

  3. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总次数。

  参考词汇:

  海河 the Haihe River

  Dear Mr Smith

  I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School. __

  此处不能答题 ________

  Yours sincerely

  Li Hua

 

 

  2011年天津市高考英语试题真题权威解析

  总体评价:2011年天津高考英语试卷相比2010年高考英语题目总体难度稳中有降。体现在以下两个方面:

  1、 试卷整体词汇难度适当。相比2009。2010年的试卷,2011年英语试卷词汇方面的考察范围更为“亲民”,避免了一些偏词怪词和生僻词汇的出现,与难词直接关联的题目也较前两年大为减少。

  2、 试卷整体安排基本符合高考主流,考生易于把握考试节奏。只要是反复做过以前天津高考英语试卷的同学不难感觉到今年的题目中规中矩,特别是在主观题目的考察上非常符合天津卷以往的风格和考察习惯。

  3、 因此,2012年的准考生还是应该加强对基础知识和基础词汇的把握,这样才能保证自己在考试时候立于不败之地。

  一、单项填空 (1*10=15分)

  2010年的考试中出了7道语法题,2道情景交际,6道词汇。

  2011年的考试中出了8道语法题,1道情景交际,6道词汇。

  语法和词汇考察的都是传统考点。非谓语动词,时态,从句,情态动词和虚拟语气近几年来一直占据着天津高考语法考察的前列,请2012年参加天津高考的同学要特别注意。平时加强对真题的经常考点反复练习,一定可以在考试时候有的放矢。也希望2012年的考生能够主次分明,对常考点加以练习。对于一些常出现的短语加以区分。

  1、 IT充当形式宾语。

  2、 语境中短语的应用。快点

  3、 现在完成时被动语态的考察

  4、 将来完成时的考察,从NEXT---FOR 确定语法。

  5、 让步状语的考察,从NEVER推断逻辑语义。

  6、 金融英语“开账户”的短语为OPEN AN ACCOUNT.

  7、 非谓语动词的被动语态。BE PERMITTED/ALLOWED TO DO STH被允许干某事。

  8、 语境中的短语考察。“遇到”英语表达为COME ACROSS=HAPPEN TO MEET

  9、 取而代之,转折连词。

  10、 时间状语从句的考察

  11、 语境中的介词搭配。ABOVE AVERAGE对应“好学生”。

  12、 过去分词表示被动。

  13、 名词性从句的考察,本题是That引导同位语从句。

  14、 语境中的逻辑与短语选用,何必费事劳神呢?从玛丽很感兴趣可以推断没必要登广告找合租。

  15、 虚拟语气。表示与过去事实相反的假设。

  二、完型填空:“致母亲一个爱的音符” (1.5*20=30分)

  2011年出题人在完形填空上没有在词汇上难为考生,主要考察的是大家对上下文线索的把握和对文章整体理解的能力。希望学生能够一方面对文章整体有个大体把握的同时,还需要注意前后文上下文关联词的关系,可以通过这种方法及时发现并且改正自己做题目时候不正确的地方~同时对于完形填空的选项词,根据历年经验来看,重复性还是蛮强的。所以希望今后参加高考的学生能够把这些反复出现的单词和这些单词的意思要加以理解加以记忆~一定对考试有很大帮助!

  解题技巧:理解全文主体、中心思想与语义逻辑、瞻前顾后选词达意、短语搭配、起承转合、全文整体逻辑大意匹配。

  为了上学学习法律,母亲在我小的时候做时尚摄影模特赚钱。发现目前埋头苦读想考取律师执照,母亲的一句话影响了我:生活中你可以做任何你想做的事。从此我铭记了这句话。看到母亲面对挑战:学习法律、创业、做摄影模特、五个孩子的妈妈。母亲的行为对我年轻的思想产生了触动,于是我开始梦想并努力实现自己的志愿。我的世界发生了变化,有理想并付诸实践,获取成功。我从不放弃任何可能性,成为第一个女性医生和医务记者。母亲的话激励我勇往直前,无畏错误,勇敢挑战自我。做梦圆梦打造精彩的人生。

  16、 play an important role in,固定搭配

  17、 save money for=set aside for 攒钱

  18、 从第二段LAW SCHOOL推测母亲学法律

  19、 宾语从句,母亲所讲的话,

  20、 埋头苦读

  21、 从后面的more puzzled可以直接推断

  22、 为考试而念书

  23、 可能成为,表示能够做律师的一种推测

  24、 在耳边荡漾,keep ringing in my ear

  25、 面对挑战face the challenge

  26、 模特

  27、 付诸实践

  28、 年轻的思想

  29、 世界打开了

  30、 对生活寄予希望

  31、 总是,从后面两件事可以推断

  32、 并列连词OR

  33、 第三段第一句话推断,母亲的话影响了我。

  34、 不畏困难,渴望迎接挑战。

  35、 从DID推断DOING

  三、阅读理解 (2.5*20=50分)

  2011年的天津卷的阅读理解部分较往年趋势发展比较稳定。从题型的角度上看还是非常符合天津卷一贯特点的,细节题为主导,辅以推断和主旨。今年的4篇文章的文体是一种一篇的。第一篇是应用文,第二篇是记叙文,第三说明文,最后议论文,而整体难度上也不是很大。

  本试卷题材广泛,要求考生达到一定阅读速度。这次阅读理解文章其选材多来源于真实生活,考查面较广。词汇量方面能与新课标紧密结合,有一定导向作用。A篇文章以寄宿家庭主题。B篇文章介绍了作者取得本科学位的过程中做的事情。C篇文章关于阅读。D篇文章讨论了盲目模仿的问题。

  任务型阅读是09年起高考新增的题型,考查的是学生运用英语来解决实际问题的能力,是典型的语言应用测试。题型设置中既有一定量的捕捉信息题的细节题,词义猜测题,也有考察主旨大意的开放性问题。今年是说明文,这一题的难度实际比前面的阅读理解要简单。题目大都是可以通过回文定位的方式在原文中找到原句的,但是要注意在此项目中有的同学会过于关注字数而忘记的语法的正确性。如果答案意思正确而语法出现错误的题目还是要扣掉一分的。

  (A) 讲述海外留学生去英国学习语言可以选择与英国家庭一起居住,吃喝,交流,方便语言学习,房主可以提供食宿,清洁房间及卧具,关心留学生身心状况。也可以选择只居住,方便独立性。文章讲述了居住区与商业区的位置布局、伙食分类与差异等。文章设问都很简单,基本可以直接从相关段落找到答案。

  36、本文的受众是去英国学习的海外留学生。(第一段)

  37、房东提供房屋清扫服务。(第一标题第二句话)

  38、可推测商业区位于一街区。(第二标题第一、二句话)

  39、大陆早餐包括面包与果汁。(第三标题第二段第二句话)

  40、选择自助居住方便独立性。(最后一段第二句话)

  (B) 讲述了我从小充满梦想,并持之以恒付诸实践,将梦想变成现实,21年后拿下法律文凭。刚开始学习就要弃学照顾患癌症的姥姥。结婚后收养了三个儿子并自己生下一个孩子。从此既要照顾孩子但又不放弃学习,拿下学历,为孩子树立榜样。一个简单人很简单的思想。很大的困难融入以后一切都变得那么正常。很多事情都要从量变到质变,不能着急,要持之以恒。生命就是个过程,伟大的梦想需要一步一步脚踏实地的完成。

  41、第一段第一句话LEGAL可以判断选项对应法官。

  42、第二段第三、第四句话可以做出选择与判断。

  43、第四第五段主要写作者在照顾孩子的同时也不辍学,仍然坚持持之以恒,为孩子树立榜样。生活忙碌但很开心。从OCCUPIED 与JOYOUS可以判断答案。

  44、最后一段最后一句话点明主旨。秉承:“泰山不拒细壤,故能成其高;江海不择细流,故能就其深。”踏踏实实做事,从量变到质变从而使自己走上成功之路。

  45、作者既关爱家人同时也坚定信念的学习,处理好生活与学习的关系。文章中有很多描述,出现了CARE/RAISE/NERVER QUIT/CHALLENGE等字眼。

  (C) 西雅图公立图书馆发起一项活动:社区读同一本书。不但丰富阅读的乐趣,也有助于人们随时随地的互相沟通交流,讨论书中内容,增进社区人际关系。这项活动甚至蔓延至中国香港。芝加哥的人们也开始阅读并讨论故事人物与情节。对于纽约这样的人口大洲很难取得人们的一致性,选择同一本书难度很大,所以读同一本书难度很大。发起人NANCY认为:活动成功的标志并非多少人读书了,而是人们在读书中获得的乐趣以及陌生人中增进了交流。

  46、第二段第一句话encourage 和share 两个字点明了主题。活动的目的在于鼓励人们阅读和分享。

  47、第四段第一、第二句话可以做出选择与判断。纽约人们的文化背景差异很大,不像中等城市或大镇容易取得意识形态的一致性,所以这项活动推进起来比较困难。

  48、第四段第二句话可以判断答案D。

  49、最后一段最后一句话点明主旨。人们分享内容增进沟通。

  50、最后一段ENRICH/ENJOY点明主题。

  (D) 盲目的模仿是毁灭性的。对于无知的人模仿是合适的,对于自己优点明确的人模仿是不可接受的。在技能或性格形成早期,模仿是有益的。例如按照菜谱烹饪。随后就要形成自我个性的东西而非盲目从众失去个性。同样儿童学步车亦是如此。一旦掌握平衡后就没必要在继续使用了。模仿别人一旦被模仿人的缺点被模仿对于人的创造力就是一种抹杀。娱乐业也是如此,大明星很辉煌耀眼,但一旦走下舞台,他们也存在很多缺点,所以不要模仿他们的缺点。灵感产生创造力。生活中的灵感激发了创造力,世界并非模仿前人所改变,而是依据人的头脑思想而有所改变。富于创造力的人拥有无限的思想源泉,创造者所面对的问题并非缺少物质,而是无数物质流在敲打想象力大门时该如何选择。学习前人榜样,接受天赋,弃其糟粕,吸取前人的教训,吸收、集成、发展、创新并获取成功。

  51、第二段第一句话点明了主题。

  52、第三段第一、第二句话可以做出选择与判断

  53、第五段第四句话可以判断答案B。世界的变化是赋予原创思想并付诸实践的人予以推动的。

  54、第五段最后一句话点明主旨,如何利用创造力。

  55、全文围绕着CREATION创新这个关键字眼展开论述,强调创新的重要性。也是作者全文的写作目的所在。

  三、短文问答 (2*5=10分)

  大学里的春假通常都是度假、休息、聚会、有意义的活动就是参加国内外的社会实践,包括扫盲、扶贫环保,可以有助于学生认识社会、开拓视野。可以获取社会经历和感悟,从而更好的借鉴和服务于社会。此活动1991年开始,2006年春假,36000名美国学生参加了此类社会实践。学生参加此类活动身心都发生了积极的变化,从而更积极的服务于社会。

  56、此类活动的参加者:第一段第二句话。

  57、活动的目的:第三段最后一句话。

  58、改变,第五段最后一句话CHANGE THEIR LIVES可以判断,这是前后呼应的写法。

  59、负责人的态度:第五段最后一句话

  60、开放性试题,如果你参加这个活动,你会选择做什么,为什么?可以结合所提到的扫盲、扶贫、环保调查展开论述。

  四、书面表达(参考范文25*1=25分)

  作文为电子邮件类型,活动叙述类文章,要点给出的很细,所以不是很难。但是在估分的时候,请同学们要注意几个方面:

  1、 文章要点要齐全,括号中的小点也要写到。

  2、 在写多个小内容要点的时候要使用衔接词汇。

  3、 时态,一般活动类文章都是以过去时态为主,但是这次的是陈述将来的计划,所以要改时态为将来时。

  4、 如果内容要点齐全,无语法错误应该就是一类文20分左右。

  Dear Mr. Smith,

  I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School. We’re pleased to hear that your US School Delegation will pay a visit to our school in Tianjin, China. With the commission of our school headmaster, I’m fully responsible for your one-day tour to our school and our city. The following are our preliminary arrangements for your review and comments.

  Students from both countries will hold a discussion in the morning to enhance their understanding. The topics to be discussed include but not limited to campus life, culture differences and so on. American students are cordially invited to share traditional Chinese dinner with us; the main courses are our local cruises, including Chinese noodles and water dumplings. In the afternoon, after a short rest, we will visit HAIHE River by boat, seeing the wonderful and beautiful scenes of HAIHE, witnessing the great changes that have taken place in Tianjin during the past few years.

  Please feedback whether you’re satisfied with this schedule, and we will make changes as per your opinion in due course.

  Yours sincerely

  Li Hua

  2012年天津市高考复习思路【特别采取“导航定位法”快速阅读圈准答案】

  1、 夯实基础(词汇、语法、阅读、写作、完型)

  2、 加强针对性训练,了解考试动向与重点语法训练,在具体语境中准确把握语法运用能力。

  3、 瞻前顾后、注意复现与词汇变化,在理解核心考点基础上直接选答案

  4、 关注语篇逻辑与中心思想,在理解宏观思路与细节基础上直接选答案

  5、 词不离句、句不离篇,强调平时训练。


(作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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