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2013年助理物流理师备考辅导——第八章物流英语(1)

2013-02-16 来源:读书人 
第八章物流英语复习提示

  第八章 物流英语
  鉴定要点
  一、物流基本概念
  1.The concept of article in logistics includes tangible goods and intangible service,such as customer service, freight agents and logistics network design.
  2.The external logistics is about the macro economic activities,like international trade and global investment.
  3.The four key procedures in the internal logistics are supply,production,distribution and reverse.
  4.Logistics system includes customer service,packaging,transportation,storage,distribution processing and information control.
  5.A logistics center consists of a series of integrated logistic activities,processes,equipments,and information network.
  6.Logistics alliance refers to the long term cooperation and business relationship between logistics supplier and customers.
  7.Time value in logistics refers to the differences in value of the same goods at different time.
  8.Location value in logistics refers to the differences in value of the same goods in different locations.
  9.Logistics vehicles include ships,trucks,trains and aircrafts used in the logistics process.
  10.Insurance is very important to logistics because of the potential hazards and dangers in the process,such as fire,theft,handling damage and even the natural disasters.
  11.Letter of Credit is issued by the buyer's bank for the importer'sbenefits.
  12.Logistics information refers general logistics knowledge,materials,images,data and documentation.
  13.Distribution processing value is the valued added by changing the length,thickness and package of goods.
  14.Communication links the entire logistics process with customers.

  二、存储功能
  1.Cycle stock is the maximum inventory based on the maximum needs.
  2.Inspection is the operation to check the quantity,quality and package of the goods according to the contract and specific standards.
  3.Goods that are stored in warehouses for distribution and sales are called inventory.
  4.Commodity inspection is the process in which exported and imported goods are examined for their quantity,quality,package,place of production,safety and hygiene condi tions.

  三、运输功能
  1.Liner transport has three specific components:fixed ports,fixed routes and announcing shipping time in advance.
  2.The broker company in ocean transportation is called shipping agency.
  3.TEU and FEU both are containers which are used in ocean transportation frequently.
  4.Bill of Lading is the evidence of the contract of carriage between carrier and shipper.
  5.Transport agencies include air and surface freight forwarders,shippers' associations and transport brokers.
  6.NVOCC is also a cartier because it can open B/L.
  7.Door-to-door delivery refers to carriers picking up the goods from the shipper's warehouse and delivering it to consignee's warehouse.
  8.Containerization can speed up the logistics process,such as handling,loading and unloading,storing and transport.
  9.There are three kinds of freight in transport: full-car load,Les-than-truckload and container.
  10.International transportation by trucks is limited between the joint border countries like US and Mexico or closely located WTO members like mainland China,Hong Kong and Macao.
  11.Transportation decision is referred to the transportation models and carriers selected for delivery,vehicle routing,scheduling,and freight grouping.

  四、物流信息管理
  1.Virtual logistics is the management by computer technology and Internet.
  2.Data Warehousing is virtual data system in computer technology.
  3.Global Positioning System directs the mobile equipments,like trucks,ships and aircrafts by satellite tracking.
  4.The main application of E-selling is in B2B and B2C.
  5.In the logistics information system,EDI plays the most important role.



(作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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