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2013.6全国英语六级真题翻译分析总结

2013-06-21 来源:读书人 
读书人网精心为大家整理了2013.6全国英语六级真题翻译分析总结,今后带来更多更全更新的教育考试类相关资料,希望对大家的考试能带来帮助!

  翻译

  翻译部分,今年仍旧是以基本语法和固定搭配作为核心考点,考生需要掌握一些常用搭配,如further one's studies abroad.同时也需要熟悉基本语法,如88题中的让步状语从句,even if引导词的使用,还有如第90题的倒装结构就是考核学生的so置句首,使用部分倒装, 助动词和主语颠倒。

2013年6月六级考试的翻译考题仍然采用多题多卷形式,也就是说相邻考生卷面的翻译题有所不同。此次六级的翻译考题和我们上课所讲的翻译考点一样,分别为固定搭配、倒装句、比较级、虚拟语气等。其中有多到题目都出现了"考题重复"现象,所以正如上课所讲,翻译的复习范围即是"历年真题",如果考生在考试前,仔细复习了这些真题,相信一定会在翻译考题中游刃有余。

  以下为本次六级考试翻译的三套真题,题目及答案及解析如下:

  【真题一】

  82. She fell into deep thought, with ________(她的眼睛紧盯着屏幕).

  83. ______________(直到十八世纪中叶)did scientists realize that the whole of the

  brain was involved in the working of the mind.

  84. It is universally acknowledged that nothing is more precious than time,__________(但又没有什么比时间更不受珍惜).

  85. _________(你要是更小心些就好了)!The accident could have been avoided.

  86. A professor at the Academy has proposed that__________(设立专项基金来推进创新).

  【参考答案】

  82. her eyes closely staring at the screen

  【解析】本题考查介词结构及固定短语。with+ sth(身体某部位)+doing表示伴随状态。stare at 即 "盯着"。

  83. Not until the middle of the eighteenth century

  【解析】本题考查连词及倒装句。由主句did+主语结构,可以看出这个句子是个倒装句,因此首句的连词用表否定的Not until 比较好。

  84. while nothing is less cherished than time

  【解析】本题考查比较级。由前一句可以看出后半句和前半句是相反对比,因此替换比较级结构,将more…than替换为less…than;同时注意"珍惜"cherish 用分词形式。

  85. If only you were more careful

  【解析】本题考查虚拟语气。if only 即"要是……就好了",注意虚拟语气,因此谓语用were。

  86. a special fund be set up to boost innovation

  【解析】本题考查虚拟语气,一般表"建议"类得单词后面,要出现虚拟语气,虚拟的标志是should+动词原形。另外 "专项基金"即 a special fund,"推动创新"可译为boost / promote / drive/ push forward innovation。

  【真题二】

  82. ______________(我们刚到山顶)than we all sat down to rest.

  83. Anyone driving with a high blood alcohol level ___________(将被指控为醉驾) and face a severe penalty.

  84. Many people have become so addicted to online shopping that they ___________ (情不自禁每天都要访问购物网站).

  85. You are an executive council member of our organization, so ___________(你说的话有份量).

  86. To fully appreciate the author's motive and intention, you really have to ___________ (仔细从字里行间去解读).

  【参考答案】


  82. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill

  【解析】本题考查倒装。No sooner+ 过去完成时态+ than+ 过去时态,表示"一…..就…."或者"刚….就….."

  83. will be accused of drunk driving

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。指控表达为"accuse sb of sth".

  84. can't help themselves visiting shopping websites everyday

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。情不自禁的表达为"can't help doing sth"

  85. what you said weighs a lot /what you said matters

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。有分量表达为"sth weigh a lot"或者"sth matter"

  86. understand/read carefully between the lines

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。字里行间解读表达为"read between lines"

  【真题三】

  82. If you do too many things at the same time, __________(将以一事无成告终)

  83. Now we can find almost everything we need online and have_______________(我们所购之物送上门)

  84. (你越知道你自己的弱点)_____________, the better prepared you will be for the undertaking.

  85. (你们事故调查做的彻底的话)__________,the police would not have jumped to the conclusion.

  86. ________(博士学位变得几乎必不可少)

  【参考答案】

  82. nothing will be accomplished.

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。

  83. our buyings delivered to our doors.

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。让某物做某事表达为"have sth done"

  84. The better you know your weakness

  【解析】本题考查比较级。越….越….表达为"the more….. , the more..."

  85. If you had made a thorough accident investigation

  【解析】本题考保存并继续查虚拟语气。和事实相反的时候需要用虚拟语气,句型结构为"if+had done, would have done"

  86. the Doctor's degree become almost absolutely necessary

  【解析】本题考查固定搭配。

  第一道题: 82.______________(我们刚到山顶)than we all sat down to rest.

  【答案】 No sooner had we reached the top of the hill

  考点链接:新概念第二册Lesson 38 文章第三行‘ He had no sonner returned than he bought a house and went to live there.’

  考点分析:过去完成时+倒装结构,否定词提到句首,句子半倒装,助动词had提到主语前面,结合no sooner...than... 一...就... 句型结构得出答案。该考点需要注意两点:1:no sooner后面的动作用过去完成时,than后面的动词用一般过去时,注意动作发生的先后顺序。2. 倒装结构只发生在前半部分的no sooner...,than...后面的动词用自然语序,不需要倒装。

  第二道题:83. Anyone driving with a high blood alcohol level________________(将被指控为醉驾) and face a severe penalty.

  【答案】will be accused of drunk driving

  考点链接:新概念第二册Lesson22 Key structures 动词与介词的搭配 a OF: 第一个 accuse, 动词accuse与of搭配。Lesson21文章第6行Sometimes I think this house will be knocked down by a passing plane.能找到将来时被动语态的原型。 新概念第三册Lesson16文章第10行Dimitri immediately went to Aleko’s house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb.其中accuse...of...结构能找到原型。

  考点分析:词组搭配accuse sb...of...用...来指控某人+一般将来时的被动语态,结构为will be done。

  第三道题: 84.Many people have become so addicted to online shopping that they__________________(情不自禁每天都要访问购物网站).

  【答案】can’t help themselves visiting shopping websites everyday

  考点链接:新概念第二册Lesson68 整篇课文的重点为动词后面用动名词作宾语的结构。文章出现的avoid, fancy, enjoy, mind, finish, prevent...from..., no use, be busy, insist on...等词及词组后面常接动名词作宾语。新概念第三册Lesson37文章第11行I could not help noticing that a great many local people got on as well.其中can’t help doing的句式结构可以找到原型。

  考点分析:本体考察英语中动词后面接动名词作宾语这个考点,“情不自禁做某事”的结构为can’t help doing sth. 访问网站用动词词组visit websites。

  第四道题:84. While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest______________ (被野生动物袭击).

  【答案】 be attacked by wild animals

  考点链接:新概念第二册Lesson64文章第7行He suggest that a double railway tunnel should be built. 能找得到虚拟语气的原型。

  考点分析:本题考察的suggest, demand, recommend, lest 等词接宾语从句,从句中用虚拟语气的考点。虚拟语气部分为should+V原型,should可以省略。

  第五道题:85. ________________(信已经写完了) by the time you come back.

  【答案】 The letter will have been finished

  考点链接:新概念第二册Lesson61文章第11行By the time you read this, the Hubble’s eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures.能找到将来完成时的原型。

  考点分析:本题题中时间状语by the time you come back决定了该题的时态为将来完成时,表示到将来的某一时间点动作将结束,结构为will have done, 此题还需结合被动语态,写是被写完,故为将来完成时的时态结合被动语态来考,结构为will have been done.

  由此可见,大学英语六级考试与新概念系列教材的知识点紧扣,大家在平时的学习和备考中要多注重新概念英语系列教材的学习和总结,把每篇课文和每个语法知识点都吃透,考试自然能轻松得高分!

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