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2013年成人英语三级三类词类活用词性

2013-06-25 来源:读书人 
读书人网精心为大家整理了2013年成人英语三级三类词类活用词性,今后带来更多更全更新的教育考试类相关资料,希望对大家的考试能带来帮助!

  英语的实词不但多义,而且同一词还可以属一种以上的词类。此外,从一种词类又可以转化为另一种词类,其中以⒈名词转化为动词、⒉动词转化为名词以及⒊形容词转化为动词,这三种最为普遍、最为生动。转化后的词具有该词基本的特性,因此转化名词有如真正名词,转化动词就像真正动词。

  ⒈名词→动词

  ① The workers found Bob's attitude hard to stomach.

  ② The parachutist had to nerve himself for the jump from his helicopter.

  ③ A few poor children had been dogging the tourists for some time.

  ④ Tuition schools have mushroomed for the last two years.

  ⑤ The traitor was knifed and stoned to death.

  ⑥ I leafed through a few pages of the book to see what it was about.

  ⑦ Personality clashes surfaced among some rival leaders.

  ⑧ Tom elbowed his way through the crowd.

  ⑨ It is impolite to ape one's superiors.

  ⑩ Delicious food made our mouths water.

  ⒉动词→名词

  ① The innocent girl was having a good cry.

  ② Active people are always on the go.

  ③ I often have a quiet read before going to bed.

  ④ People from all walks of life condemned a bad government.

  ⑤ Famine came in the wake of the drought.

  ⑥ The manager gave some lazy workers the sack.

  ⑦ Let me take a good look at these photos.

  ⑧ A visit to the Jurong Bird Park is a must for any tourist.

  ⑨ War is loathed by the haves and the have-nots.

  ⑩ If you have anything to discuss with me, don't hesitate to give me a ring.

  ⒊形容词→动词

  ① Don't idle away your precious time.

  ② Father's hair begins to grey.

  ③ How to quiet a fretful child?

  ④ We have no intention of seeing an innocent person humbled.

  ⑤ Something must be done to better the life of the underprivileged.

  ⑥ Language skills can be perfected by constant practice and regular reinforcement.

  ⑦ The robber wanted his victim to empty his pockets.

  ⑧ When the enemy's ships neared the land, our soldiers began to attack.

  ⑨ The man's muscles tensed as he saw the snake approaching him.

  ⑩ The hot weather soured the fresh milk.

  此外,有些形容词和其他词类也可以转化为名词。例如:

  ① The strong tend to bully the weak.

  ② Poor innocents deserve our greatest sympathy.

  ③Richard looked like a silly in such a situation.

  ④ The secretary knows the ins and outs of the matter.

  ⑤ Do you know the whys and wherefores of the accident?

  ⑥ Though a rich man now, Peter's earlier life was marked by ups and downs.

  上述这些转化名词,并未具有名词全部的特性。例如“the strong”和“the weak”形式是单数,意思是复数。还有④-⑥这些转化名词既有复数之形,也具复数之意。

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