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15年12月四级阅读常见考点:转折

2015-11-02 来源:沪江英语 

2013年12月改革之后,阅读发生了较大的变化,但其实变得只是题型,它对学生的考核还是不变得:那就是测试学生通过阅读获取书面信息的能力。而且,四级阅读的考点也是有规律可循的呢!

四六级大纲在阅读理解部分都指出:测试学生通过阅读获取书面信息的能力。因此,为了有针对性的考查大家对书面信息的获取能力,经过对历年真题的归纳总结发现,四六级考点出处有一定特征。

其中第一大特征就是在逻辑关系处的转折处处考点出考题。常见转折关联词有:but, however, yet, nevertheless, while(然而), on the contrary等等。

真题再现

不妨可以试着自己做一做,做过才能看下面的答案和解析哦!

例1:A few months ago, it wasn't unusual for 47-year-old Carla Toebe to spend 15 hours per day online. She'd wake up early, turn on her laptop and chat on Internet dating sites and instant-messaging programs – leaving her bed for only brief intervals. Her household bills piled up, along with the dishes and dirty laundry, but it took near-constant complaints from her four daughters before she realized she had a problem.(2010.6, cet4 )

51. What eventually made Carla Toebe realize she was spending too much time on the Internet?
A. The poorly managed state of her house.
B. The high financial costs adding up.
C. Fatigue resulting from lack of sleep.
D. Her daughter's repeated complaints.
【答案】D
【解析】本段主要描述了Carla Toebe因上网严重影响到生活,最后一句后半句通过转折指出,是她4个女儿的不停抱怨才让她最终意识到自己有了问题(had a problem),而这一问题正是题干中提到的“spending too much time on the Internet”。

例2:I had waited tables during summers in college and was treated like a peon (勤杂工) plenty of people. But at 19 years old, I believed I deserved inferior treatment from professional adults. Besides, people responded to me differently after I told them I was in college. Customers would joke that one day I’d be sitting at their table, waiting to be served.

54. How did the author feel when waiting tables at the age of 19?
A. She felt it unfair to be treated as a mere servant by professional.
B. She felt badly hurt when her customers regarded her as a peon.
C. She was embarrassed each time her customers joked with her.
D. She found it natural for professionals to treat her as inferior.
【答案】D
【解析】作者19岁时在饭店当招待员,对于不被顾客尊重,她的看法是“deserved inferior treatment”,即“低人一等是理所当然的”。换句话说,作者觉得有专业技能的人看低她是十分自然的事,即D选项所述。


(作者:网友 编辑:kind887)
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